Fitness

Testosterone – A Male hormone – benefits and effects

Testosterone is a part of group hormones called androgen. The hormone is produced in the man’s sexual organ, testicles, in major amount whereas in women testosterone is produced in ovaries in a small amount.  This male sex hormone is important for sexual and reproductive functions. Testosterone production is controlled by hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the brain. The hypothalamus instructs the master gland, pituitary on how much testosterone to produce, the pituitary passes the instruction to the tests. With the help of chemicals and hormone in the bloodstream, such communications happen. There are three kinds of testosterone floating in the blood say Sex hormone binding globulin, albumin, and free testosterone. Albumin and SHBG proteins can bind the testosterone, whereas free testosterone is not a protein-based.

What is Testosterone activity?

Testosterone is directly involved in the development of male sex organs before birth, secondary sex characteristics development at the time of puberty, such as penis, testes development, body and facial hair growth, voice deepening etc., Testosterone is produced in women in the adrenal glands and ovaries. Such a key hormone plays vital roles in sperm production, red cell production, fat distribution, sex drive, muscle mass and strength maintenance. Even the hormone is important to prevent osteoporosis in men. Testosterone has a positive impact on the health such as fighting against depression, strengthening bones, increasing sexual desire, pleasure, erection, improving body composition, gaining muscle, fat losing, fighting against heart and Alzheimer’s disease, enhancing cognitive skills.

Low & High Testosterone level:

After 20 years the testosterone level gradually decreases. This process varies from person to person. However, there are some common symptoms to find out the poor testosterone level, bones become fragile, inability to concentrate, anxiety, irritability, increased breast size, reduced sperm count, reduced libido, shrunken testes, impotence, loss of hair, loss of muscle mass.

Even high levels of testosterone present causes problems, especially among women and they are deepened voice, increased body hair, acne, irregular menstruation, a Polycystic ovarian syndrome which causes infertility.

Testosterone and bodybuilding:

Bodybuilders, athletes, powerlifters take exogenous testosterone supplement to improve their physique and performance. There are many potential adverse side-effects produced such as Acromegaly, uncontrolled connective tissue growth, muscle, and bone structure, especially in the face. Enlarged sweat glands, coarse body hair and thickened skin and sometimes Acromegaly may lead to cardiomegaly that impairs heart function.

How to increase Testosterone level?

If the testosterone deficiency is found, it can be balanced with Testosterone supplements and diet. Physicians will clinically check the person and recommend some Testosterone Replacement Therapy such as a subcutaneous implant, Transdermal patch, Creams, Gels, and Injections etc.

Amino acids, Vitamin D, Magnesium, Zinc, and Ginseng even with milligram strength influence the production testosterone. Many herbal testosterone supplements are available in the market without any potential side effects.

Diet is the direct source of increasing testosterone level in the body. Eating saturated and monounsaturated rich diets help in increasing the Testosterone level. Olive and coconut oil, Red meat, peanut butter, nuts, avocado, cheese, eggs help in boosting testosterone level efficiently.

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